As the Taliban completed their takeover of Afghanistan, civilians reached new levels of desperation as they tried to flee the country.
There was chaos at Kabul International Airport, where at least seven people were killed after crowds of Afghans tried to board a US Air Force plane.
A video clip shows desperate images of people clutching and falling off planes taking off from the runway.
A US official said that the forces fired in the air to deter those who tried to force their way on a military trip carrying diplomats and embassy staff from the fallen city.
So, what does the resurrection of the Taliban mean to the people of Afghanistan?
Vanda Philbab Brown, an expert on crime, conflict, and unconventional security threats at the Brookings Institution in Washington, spoke to Thomas Oriti of ABC NewsRadio.