Your immune system is made up of a variety of cells and organs which work together to fight viruses, bacteria, or other things that could cause harm to you. When your immune system mistakenly interprets its own healthy tissues as foreign, it triggers Autoimmune Diseases. These illnesses can affect a variety of areas of your body, such as the joints, skin and thyroid glands.
What causes an autoimmune disease?
Your immune system creates antibodies that help you recognize and fight off bacteria and viruses that enter your body. Certain of these antibodies are made by your own immune system, while others are created by your body’s germs (bacteria and viruses). Sometimes, however, your immune system could malfunction and produce antibodies that target your organs, tissues and systems.
The autoimmune disease process starts when T cells, which typically seek out and destroy foreign invaders , such as viruses or bacteria, mistake your own tissues for the enemy. The T cells that survive destruction then create antibodies that attack your tissues and organs.
Certain immune-mediated diseases are more prevalent in certain ethnicities and races than other races and ethnicities. Lupus is one example. It is more common in African Americans and Hispanics.
Your risk of developing an autoimmune disease is greatly influenced by your genetics. Your genes are responsible for around one-third of your risk.
The chances of developing an autoimmune disorder depend on your gender and age. Girls are three times more likely than males to develop an autoimmune condition and some autoimmune disorders are more prevalent among middle-aged and younger age groups.
Having another illness or condition which is connected to an autoimmune disorder is a good idea as it will help your doctor understand more about the condition you suffer from and what may be driving it.
The best method of treating an autoimmune disease is to figure out what caused it in the first place, to stop it from becoming worse. There are medications that suppress the immune system, and slow its progress, or block certain activities it is carrying out.
Your doctor might suggest that you consume an eating plan that boosts your immune system. The doctor might also suggest lifestyle changes that help reduce inflammation and improve overall health.
What are the symptoms of a condition like Rheumatoid arthritis?
Redness, inflammation swelling, pain and redness are usually the primary symptoms of autoimmune diseases. Other symptoms include fatigue muscle aches, weight gain and a decrease in energy.
What are the treatments for the autoimmune diseases?
Doctors will prescribe medication to suppress the immune system, which can slow down or stop the disease. These drugs include anti-inflammatory drugs such as NSAIDs and antirheumatic drugs that modify the disease.
These medications can reduce your swelling, pain and stiffness.If your autoimmune condition isn’t responding to these medications, your doctor might try other kinds of medicines including immunosuppressants.