(Humanitarian Response Plan for 2021)HRPFor the country, published on Tuesday, it aims to provide assistance and protection amid ongoing armed conflict, recurring natural hazards, displacement, economic collapse, and the breakdown of basic services.
The fighting between government forces, backed by the Saudi-led coalition, and the Ansar Allah armed movement, also known as the Houthis, devastated the country and caused a large number of deaths and injuries.
“Plunge” toward famine
“The losses caused by more than six years of conflict on the people of Yemen are devastating,” She said David Gressley, Humanitarian Coordinator for Yemen.
“People in Yemen need urgent humanitarian aid to stave off hunger, to obtain basic health services, and to preserve their dignity and resilience and rebuild their societies.”
Yemen remains the world’s worst humanitarian crisis and is now “heading towards the worst famine the world has seen in decades,” Mr. Gressley wrote in the introduction to the plan.
“Unprecedented levels of humanitarian aid helped avert famine and other disasters in 2019, yet the underlying drivers of the crisis remain,” he said, noting that as the conflict continues, vulnerable people are increasingly unable to cope.
Delivery of food aid and disease prevention
The Humanitarian Response Plan covers three strategic objectives: preventing disease outbreaks and reducing suffering and death. Avoid famine and malnutrition, restore livelihoods, and protect and assist civilians.
The priorities will focus on areas that include providing food assistance, reducing the spread of cholera and infectious diseases, and providing basic services to displaced people living in emergency conditions.
The humanitarian response in the past year has been underfunded, which has resulted in the closure or curtailment of major programs. As a result, families received only half of what they should have from food, and facilities providing water, sanitation and health services stopped providing them.
“Yemen cannot wait.”
Despite enormous challenges, humanitarian partners reached as many as 10.7 million people per month in 2020, but they fear that Yemen will plunge further into crisis if adequate funding is not received this year.
Yemen is approaching the point of no return. “If we make the wrong choice now, Yemen will witness the worst famine the world has seen in decades,” said Mr. Gressley.
What the international donor community chooses next is of utmost importance. It is a choice between fully financing the humanitarian operation or doing nothing and watching the country go deeper into famine. ”
He urged donor countries to provide immediate support to Yemen, adding that “millions of Yemenis who are starving, suffering from diseases and bearing the brunt of six years of prolonged conflict cannot wait. Yemen cannot wait.”