depression he is mood disorder Characterized by feelings of sadness and a loss of interest in things you normally enjoy doing. You may also have difficulty thinking or getting things done, among other symptoms. Thoughts suicide Possible in severe cases.
The good news? There are many ways to treat depression and get you back to your best self. Here’s what you need to know.
Depression vs depressed mood
diagnosis depression It is different from feeling down one day or being in a bad mood for a few days. These are normal reactions if you lose your job, a loved one dies, or something else happens. But with major depressive disorder (MDD), the chemicals in your brain It doesn’t always work the way it’s supposed to. Sometimes other things play a role, such as genetics. So you feel this way for much longer – usually two weeks or more.
David A. Adler, MD, a senior Psychiatrist And director of the Mental Health Services Research Group at Tufts Medical Center, he says 50% of people diagnosed with MDD will have a second episode of depression. And if you’ve had two episodes, there’s a 75% chance of a third, then a 95% chance of a fourth.
Depression can happen on its own or it may be triggered by a life event. There are different types, including the following:
Major depressive disorder (MDD). This type is considered classic. It includes common symptoms such as loss of interest in hobbies, trouble sleeping, and more.
seasonal affective disorder. This can happen as the seasons change and the days get shorter. Experts believe it may have something to do with not getting enough sunlight, among other things.
bipolar disorder. If you have this condition, you may become depressed but also have periods of really high or intense energy levels.
Major depressive disorder treatment
Treatment depends on the person. What worked for a friend or family member may not work for you. And just because they have certain side effects doesn’t mean this will happen to you. For example, just because there is antidepressant Effects overweight In your mother does not mean that the same thing will happen to you. It is important to approach therapy with an open mind.
Psychotherapy. Also called talk therapy, this involves a meeting with Psychological health Professional in person or virtual to talk about and work through your feelings. “It helps a person improve coping strategies to deal with life stress,” says James Morrow, MD, PhD, director of the Depression and Anxiety Detection and Treatment Center at Mount Sinai.
Antidepressants. This is a prescription pharmaceutical that help balance chemicals in the brain.
Brain stimulation therapies. This happens when doctors use electrical impulses in hopes of changing brain activity. It’s an option for people who don’t respond to psychotherapy or antidepressants.
electroconvulsive therapy (Electroconvulsive therapy). This is used for severe depression. Unlike brain stimulation treatments, your doctor will put you to sleep during the procedure. They send electrical currents through the brain to cause a shortening spasm. This seems to ease some symptoms Psychological health Terms.
says moro talk therapy Medications are likely to be effective in treating a person with major depressive disorder. John Greden, MD, founder of the Eisenberg Family Depression Center in Michigan, says he believes that people with MDD who receive psychotherapy and antidepressants fare better.
“It shouldn’t be [psychotherapy] Reverse [antidepressants]Gridin says.
It’s important to talk to your doctor honestly about what’s going on so he can help you determine what might work best. It may take a few tries, but you’ll figure it out together.
“The best evidence-based treatments follow what the individual prefers, as both drug therapy and psychological therapies have shown good results,” Adler says.
This also depends on the person. Some people don’t have any side effects, while others have to try a few antidepressants before they find a side effect they can handle.
The older class of traditional antidepressants (monoamine oxidase inhibitors, or MAOIs) are known to cause significant weight gain or lower sex drive. They work, but people tend to choose the newer ones that have “better side profiles,” says Gridin
Lifestyle changes and alternative therapies
Researchers are also looking at ketamine For the treatment of major depression.
If you have suicidal thoughts or feelings of harming yourself, know that you are not alone. There are resources and people who can help. Reach out to your doctor, family member, or friend. You can also call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-8255 or the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Helpline at 800-662-4357.