Cold weather and global warming


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good morning. The Times reporter explains the relationship between cold weather and global warming.

Snow covers much of the Pacific Northwest. Texas continues to endure cold weather and blackouts. Another winter storm is spreading over most of the country. Today, it could snow or sleet over Washington, New York and Boston.

To understand this week’s hail and storms, I spoke with John Schwartz, the Times reporter focused on climate. Our conversation follows.

Question: Let’s start with a simple question on some people’s minds – what do you think of record low temperatures hitting parts of the United States at the same time we’re seeing global warming?

John Schwartz: It sounds counterintuitive! Those who deny climate science like to state that there is no such thing as climate change as the weather gets cold. But the weather is still variable, and it’s still cold in the winter, even if the overall warming trend means the winters are getting milder.

Q: Is there a link between this week’s storms and climate change? Notice that climatologist Katherine Hayho uses the phrase “Global alienation.”

John: There’s an interesting science indicating that the effects of global warming have something to do with these sudden explosions of arctic cold as well. The cold air at the top of the world, the polar vortex, is usually held in place by the diffuse jet stream. The warming of the northern hemisphere appears to weaken the jet stream, and when sudden explosions of heat hit the vortex’s stratosphere, the Arctic air can travel to mid-latitudes.

Q: Are there any other winter weather variable patterns that might be related to climate change?

John: Warm weather can hold more moisture, so when you get storms you can expect to see them Heavy rain and snow. There is also great research linking a warming Arctic to the increased frequency of a wide range of severe winter weather in parts of the United States. It is known as “Warm arctic style / cold continents,” A phenomenon that is still being studied.

Q: What are the recent weather trends – over the winter or not – where the evidence strongly suggests that climate change plays a role?

John: In the US, we see that The longest seasons of forest fires Due to hotter and drier conditions, they became our tornadoes More destructive in many ways, Including floods and storm surges. Rather, it exacerbates misery Pollen season. We have always suffered from floods, fires and storms, but climate change is adding gravity to many weather events.

I realize I’m repeating myself here, but scientists are still looking for all of this. While basic science Links Between human emissions and climate change are rocky solid, some details, such as whether climate change will lead to seeing more frequent eruptions from the polar vortex, Still under discussion. This is how it should be.

For more: Bill Gates tells the Times Weather for Dummies is perhaps the best book written for the general public about the relationship between climate change and weather.

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Live jazz – in intimate clubs like Blue Note in New York, Green Mill in Chicago, and Fritzel’s in New Orleans – has been one of the many victims of the pandemic. Some clubs have closed permanently, while others are experimenting With outdoor events Or hopefully, welcoming the fans Later this year.

Until then, the closest thing to live jazz inside a club can be to score a performance with the crowd. Giovanni Rusonello, who covers jazz for The Times, told us, “In jazz, momentary exchange is the currency of the world, so everyone present while making music has a role to play.”This is why the live album has a long and important history in jazz, from the early days of the LP era until today. “

A good example of this is the new album “Let My People Go” from the duet Archie Gray – 83-year-old saxophone player and stepdaughter John Coltrane – and Jason Moran – pianist and so-called The MacArthur Genius. On the album, Shep and Moran play Coltran standards, Duke Ellington and Telonius Munk. “Many of them have a gritty and inconsistent quality, as if they were played in a home out of the way,” Martin Johnson writes for the Wall Street Journal.

Giovanni asked us about some other live albums, and he recommended the following:

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