Speaking at a United Nations regional forum on migration, Antonio Vitorino, Director-General of the United Nations International Organization for Migration (International Organization for MigrationEmphasize the key role that migrants played before, during and after the worst waves of the epidemic.
“From healthcare to logistics, food supply chains to agriculture, and social services, migrants who work alongside citizens have risen to the challenge and made a remarkable contribution to the societies they have joined, as well as the communities from which they come,” said Vitorino.
Armida Salcia Alejbana, Executive Secretary of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)ESCAP), That migrants will remain vital as countries recover from the global crisis.
“Migrants will have a critical role in the long-term recovery of countries, and their contributions to our societies must be recognized and valued,” said Ms. Alejbana.
Officials urged to take action to move forward with implementation Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration In Asia and the Pacific, the region is home to nearly 40 percent of the world’s migrants.
The President of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific said: “International migration must be governed by the rule of law and due process,” and also called for cooperation between governments at all levels and the strengthening of implementation 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Given the links between Global conflict And the Sustainable Development Goals (Sustainable Development Goals).
Adopted in 2018The Global Compact is the first global framework negotiated on a common approach to international migration in all its dimensions. Consisting of 23 goals, it aims to reduce the risks migrants face, address the legitimate concerns of societies, and create favorable conditions that enable all migrants to enrich societies.
Migrants ’embody the Asia-Pacific dynamic’
In her speech, Ms. Ali Al Jabbana highlighted international migration as a “major accelerator” of sustainable development in the region.
According to the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, about 65 million international migrants live in Asia and the Pacific, 70 percent of whom come from within the region. In 2019, countries there received more than $ 330 billion in remittances – nearly half of the global total – to support household consumption and help reduce poverty.
“Migrants are personification [Asia-Pacific] The region’s dynamism, adaptability and the future, as they seek to improve themselves and contribute to both the societies to which they belong and those to which they migrate, ”said Mrs. Ali Al-Jabbana.
At the same time, migration faces “varied and complex” challenges including political, economic and social activities, as well as criminal activities such as smuggling and human trafficking.
OCHA / Martin San Diego
Impact of climate change and disasters
Mr. Vitorino warned that the situation is further complicated by disasters and natural hazards.
This fact is especially true for the Asia-Pacific region, which is one of the most disaster-prone regions in the world. Incurred billions of dollars in economic losses Thousands of lives are lost every year.
The head of the International Organization for Migration added that such devastating events, which are expected to increase in size and intensity due to the impacts of climate change and environmental degradation, pose a constant threat to the region’s population and economies.
He said, “In conjunction with this, it has been proven that violence against women and girls, including gender-based violence, is becoming more prevalent and severe in societies experiencing a disaster,” calling for concerted efforts to protect women and children, “especially in the context of migration – exacerbating Now because of the scourge Covid-19. ”
A three-day regional review
Held from 10 to 12 March Regional Forumتقييم Assessment of the implementation of the Global Compact, with results fed into the International Migration Review Forum, to be held in 2022.
Over the next three days, senior officials from ESCAP member states, international organizations, organizations representing migrant workers and United Nations entities will discuss the opportunities and challenges facing migration, as well as identify best practices and approaches to promote safe, orderly and regular migration in the country. Area.
Because of Corona Virus Pandemic, the forum is held in a largely virtual environment, with most participants attending remotely.